Manuscript Details

Manuscripts must be submitted in clear, concise in British English language. The manuscript submission contain mandatory softcopy (One hard copy would be appreciative) in by online version or CD/DVD along with forwarding letter, Authorship and declaration form by duly signed by author and co-authors, manuscript, Copy of ethical clearance certificate or approval letter if applicable, informed consent with two page resume of first author. All authors must give signed consent to publication in a letter sent with the manuscript. Authors should send their manuscripts to:

The Editor in Chief
Journal of Nepal Public Health Association (JNEPHA)
Nepal Public Health Association
Central Office
Babarmahal, Way to Thapathali
Kathmandu, Nepal
Tel:+977-1- 4248513

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Manuscript Preparation
The manuscript

  • Must be typed 1.5 spaced on A4 size white paper with Times New Roman Font, size of 12 points. Margins should be 1.25 at left and 1 inch in all other side. 
  • Number each page at top bottom right eg (Page 1 of 10, Page 2 of 10).
  • The pages should be numbered consecutively, beginning with the title page.
  • Each section of the manuscript should commence on a new page (eg. Title in one page, Abstract in next page, introduction in new one and similarly for last one also)
  • Must be use the template for respective manuscript for article submission provision 

Particular attention should be taken to ensure the manuscript adheres to the style of the journal in all respects. Please do not use any signs for e.g. “and” for “and” or “@” signs for “at the rate” and related signs; however, you can use abbreviations used in standard textbooks, provided the full form has been given when it first appears in the text.

1. Title Page

  • The title page should carry
  • Type of manuscript (e.g. Original article, Case Report, Review Article etc)
  • The title of the article, which should be concise, but informative;
  • Running title or short title not more than 50 words;
  • The name by which each contributor is known ( First name, Middle name and Sur name), with his or her highest academic degree(s) for record and institutional affiliation;
  • The name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed;
  • The name, address, phone numbers, facsimile numbers and e-mail address of the contributor responsible for correspondence about the manuscript;
  • The total number of pages, total number of photographs and Word count (At end of each section) - excluding title page, abstract, references, figures and tables.
  • Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these;
  • If the manuscript was presented as part at a meeting, the organization, place, and exact date on which it was read.
  • Registration number of clinical trials.

Conflict of Interest Notification Page

To prevent the information on potential conflicts of interest from being over looked or misplaced, it needs to be part of the manuscript. However, it should also be included on a separate page or pages immediately following the title page. JNEPHA do not send information on conflicts of interest to reviewers.

2. Abstract

The second page should carry the full title of the manuscript and an abstract. The abstract should be structured for original articles as: Background, Method, Result and Conclusion. State the context, aims, settings and design, material and methods, statistical analysis used, results and conclusions. Below the abstract should provide 3 to 8 keywords arranged alphabetically. The abstract should not be structured for a review article and case report. Do not include references in abstract. (The word limit of abstract is strictly 250 words and 150 for case report and other article, organized into paragraphs.)

3. Introduction

Provide a context or background for the study (that is, the nature of the problem and its significance). State the specific purpose or research objective of, or hypothesis tested by, the study or observation; the research objective is often more sharply focused when stated as a question. Both the main and secondary objectives should be clear, and any prespecified subgroup analyses should be described. Provide only directly pertinent references, and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported.

This part should not contain tables, points and heading as far as possible and should be more in paragraph form. You must justify, why you do select this topic/problem for preparing the term paper. After the completion of the paper who will be benefited from the findings of the paper. So, try to justify and give the importance of your paper in logical order.

4. Methods

The Methods section should only include information that was used at the time the study planned or protocol written; all information obtained during the conduct of the study belongs to the results section.

4.1 Selection and Description of Participants:
For the methodology

  • Write about design with specifying clearly including eligibility and exclusion criteria with rationale
  • Study population, study area and sample frame with rationale
  • The guiding principle should be clarity about how and why a study was done in a particular way.
  • Author should define how they measured the variables and justify their relevance.
  • Sample size and sampling procedure
  • Data management and analysis procedure, including statistical methods (see below); provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations.
  • Randomized clinical trials should present information on all major study elements, including the protocol, assignment of interventions (methods of randomization, concealment of allocation to treatment groups), and the method of masking (blinding), based on the CONSORT Statement (

Note: Authors submitting review article should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data.

4.2 Ethics
Ethics should be maintain by author in research activities and is should include in manuscript when studies on human or in animal or in critical issue. Author should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional or national -NHRC) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (available at

Do not use patients’ names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institutions or a national research council’s guide for, or any national law on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

Evidence of approval or ethical clearence (for both human as well as animal studies) must be provided the authors on demand. Animal experimental procedures should be as humane as possible and the details procedure (including regime or other any) used should be clearly stated. The ethical standards of experiments must be in accordance with the guidelines provided by the CPCSEA (animal) and ICMR (human)-NHRC. The journal will not consider to any manuscript, which is ethically unacceptable. A statement on ethics committee permission and ethical practices must be included in all research articles under the ‘Materials and Methods’ section.

4.3 Statistics
Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. When possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Avoid relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as P values, which fail to convey important information about effect size. References for the design of the study and statistical methods should be to standard works when possible (with pages stated). Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Specify the computer software used.

5. Results

Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. The finding must spell out about the objectives of study.

  • Do not repeat all the data in the tables or illustrations in the text;
  • The data presented in table or in figure not need to elaborate in text
  • Emphasize or summarize only the most important observations.

When data are summarized in the Results section, give numeric results not only as derivatives (for example, percentages) but also as the absolute numbers from which the derivatives were calculated, and specify the statistical methods used to analyze them. Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess supporting data. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid nontechnical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as “random” (which implies a randomizing device), “normal,” “significant,” “correlations,” and “sample.”


Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other information given in the Introduction or the Results section. For experimental studies, it is useful to begin the discussion by summarizing briefly the main findings, then explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and for clinical practice.

Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data. In particular, avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless the manuscript includes the appropriate economic data and analyses. Avoid claiming priority or alluding to work that has not been completed.


References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text (not in alphabetic order). Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript with square bracket after the punctuation marks. Eg Meta analysis.(6) or (1,6,29) in case of multiple citation. For sequences of consecutive numbers, give the first and last number of the sequence separated by a hyphen, for example, [22-25]. Please note, if your references are not cited in order your article will be returned to you before acceptance for correct ordering.

References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure. The referencing based on the Vancouver style and examples according to below. Use complete name of the journal for non-indexed journals. Avoid using abstracts as references. Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as "unpublished observations" with written permission from the source. Avoid citing a "personal communication" unless it provides essential information not available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text. Include the last names and initials of the authors, title of article, name of publications, year published, volume number, and inclusive pages. The style and punctuation of the references should conform to the following examples.

Authors are responsible for the accuracy of cited references: these should be checked against the original documents before the paper is submitted. It is vital that the references are styled correctly so that they may be hyperlinked.

References must follow the Vancouver Style: For detail click here
1. Surname AB, Surname CD. Article title. Journal abbreviation Year; Vol: Start page–End page.

• Use one space only between words up to the year and then no spaces. The journal title should be in italic and abbreviated according to the style of Medline. If the journal is not listed in Medline then it should be written out in full. You could check journal abbreviations using PubMed.

• List the names and initials of all authors if there are 3 or fewer; otherwise list the first 3 and add et al. (The exception is the Journal of Medical Genetics, which lists all authors.) For detail click here

Tables should be self-explanatory and should not duplicate textual material. Tables with more than 10 columns and 25 rows are not acceptable. Number tables, in Arabic numerals, consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. Type or print each table with double spacing on a separate sheet of paper. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. Do not use internal horizontal or vertical lines. Give each column a short or an abbreviated heading. Authors should place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading.
• Explain all nonstandard abbreviations in footnotes, and use the following symbols, in sequence: *, >, †, ||, **
• Be sure that each table is cited in the text.
• If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge that source fully. Submit such tables for consideration with the paper so that they will be available to the peer reviewers.

Figures (Illustrations)
Graphs, charts, diagrams or pen drawings must be drawn by professional hands in Indian ink (black) on white drawing paper. In case of x-ray, miniature photo prints should be supplied. Photographs should be supplied in high quality glossy paper not larger than 203 mm x 254 mm (8” x 10”). In case of microphotographs, stains used and magnification should be mentioned. Each illustration should bear on its back the figure number and an arrow indicating the top. All illustrations should be black and white and should be submitted in triplicate with suitable legends. We accept electronic versions of illustrations, which should have a resolution of 300 dpi, and the dimension of 640 x 480 to 800 x 600 pixels dimension and picture format should be JPEG (*.jpg, *.jpeg) or TIFF (*.tif, *.tiff). Pictures will be published in B/W free of charge. But, if you want to publish your picture in color, please contact the editorial board for the cost and payment procedure.

For x-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images, as well as pictures of pathology specimens or photomicrographs, send sharp, glossy, black-and-white or color photographic prints, usually 127 x 173 mm (5 x 7 inches). Letters, numbers, and symbols on figures should therefore be clear and consistent throughout and large enough to remain legible when the figure is reduced for publication.

Photomicrographs should have internal scale markers. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background.

Photographs of potentially identifiable people must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph.

Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been cited in the text. If a figure has been published previously, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the figure. Permission is required irrespective of authorship or publisher except for documents in the public domain.

Legends for Figures (Illustrations)
Type or print out legends for illustrations using double spacing, starting on a separate page, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs.

Units of Measurement
Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric units (meter, kilogram, or liter) or their decimal multiples.

Temperatures should be in degrees Celsius. Blood pressures should be in millimeters of mercury, unless other units are specifically required by the journal.

Journals vary in the units they use for reporting hematologic, clinical chemistry, and other measurements. Authors must consult the Information for Authors of the particular journal and should report laboratory information in both local and International System of Units (SI). Editors may request that authors add alternative or non-SI units, since SI units are not universally used. Drug concentrations may be reported in either SI or mass units, but the alternative should be provided in parentheses where appropriate.

Abbreviations and Symbols
Use only standard abbreviations; use of nonstandard abbreviations can be confusing to readers. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement.

Document to be submitted
Forwarding letter: The covering letter accompanying the article should contain the name and complete postal address of one author as correspondent and must be signed by all authors. The correspondent author should notify change of address, if any, on time.

Authorship and Declaration: A declaration should be submitted stating that the manuscript represents valid work and that neither this manuscript nor one with substantially similar content under the present authorship has been published or is being considered for publication elsewhere and the authorship of this article will not be contested by anyone whose name(s) is/are not listed here, and that the order of authorship as placed in the manuscript is final and accepted by the co-authors. Declarations should be signed by all the authors in the order in which they are mentioned in the original manuscript.

Electronic version of manuscripts: Do not use ‘oh’ (O) for ‘zero’ (0), ‘el’ (l) for one (1). Do not use space bar for indentation. Do not break words at the end of lines. Do not insert a tab, indent, or extra spaces before beginning of a paragraph. Do not use software’s facility of automatic referencing, footnotes, headers, footers, etc.

Sending a revised manuscript
While submitting a revised manuscript, contributors are requested to include, along with single copy of the final revised manuscript, a photocopy of the revised manuscript with the changes underlined in red and with the point to point clarification to each comment. The manuscript number should be written on each of these documents.

If the manuscript is submitted online, the contributors’ form and copyright transfer form has to be submitted in original with the signatures of all the contributors. Within two weeks from submission. Hard copies of the images, for articles submitted online, should be sent to the journal office at the time of submission of a revised manuscript.

Check List
While submitting your manuscript to JNEPHA please make sure you have submitted following documents:

1. Forwarding letter

2. Author declaration from duly signed by author and co-authors

3. Manuscript with cover page (Title, name of the author and co-authors, place of study and address of correspondence)

4. Copy of ethical clearance certificate whenever applicable or approval letter

5. Resume (Not exceede more then 2 page)

Authors do not have to pay for submission, processing or publication of articles in JNEPHA.